|Shared Mobility and the Transformation of Public Transit (A pre-publication draft)
Report Number: R-188
Publication Date: 9/15/2016
This report examines the relationship of public transportation (including paratransit and demand-responsive services) to shared modes, including bikesharing, carsharing, microtransit, and ridesourcing services provided by companies such as Uber and Lyft. Additionally, it examines issues and explores opportunities and challenges as they relate to technology-enabled mobility services, including suggesting ways that transit can learn from, build upon, and interface with these new modes.
Optimizing Bus Warranty
Report Number: S-111
Publication Date: 4/10/2014
This synthesis explores how some transit agencies address key aspects of their warranty programs. The report examines the steps taken to more accurately monitor warranty coverage periods, optimize the warranty process, and maximize warranty reimbursement to fulfill U.S. Federal Transit Administration requirements and taxpayer expectations. Click on the link to order a hard copy. https://www.mytrb.org/Store/Product.aspx?ID=7145
Energy Savings Strategies for Transit Agencies
Report Number: S-106
Publication Date: 7/31/2013
This synthesis describes energy reduction strategies being used in the United State and Canada that address vehicle technologies; vehicle operations, maintenance, and service design; non-revenue vehicles; stations and stops; building; indirect energy use; and renewable power generation.
Use of Electronic Passenger Information Signage in Transit
Report Number: S-104
Publication Date: 6/4/2013
This synthesis documents U.S. and international use of electronic passenger information signage in terms of the underlying technology, sign technology, characteristics of the information, resources required, and decision processes used to determine its use.
Uses of Social Media in Public Transportation
Report Number: S-99
Publication Date: 5/3/2012
This synthesis explores the use of social media among transit agencies and documents successful practices in the United States and Canada. For the purposes of the report, social media are defined as a group of web-based applications that encourage users to interact with one another, such as blogs, Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, YouTube, Flickr, Foursquare, and MySpace.
Sustainable Public Transportation: Environmentally Friendly Mobility
Report Number: RRD-103
Publication Date: 12/12/2011
This digest is an overview of an international study mission that explored how public transportation systems in several cities in India and China have implemented plans, policies, technologies, and strategies for creating more livable communities through bus, metro, bus rapid transit, rail, and light rail systems. The Indian and Chinese systems visited were designed to reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions, lower operating costs, and provide safe and accessible transportation services.
Use and Deployment of Mobile Device Technology for Real-Time Transit Information
Report Number: S-91
Publication Date: 11/11/2011
This synthesis examines the use and deployment of real-time transit information on mobile devices. It explores the underlying technology required to generate the information to be disseminated, the mobile technology used for dissemination, the characteristics of the information, the resources required to successfully deploy information on mobile devices, and the contribution of mobile messaging to an overall agency communications strategy, including â€œinformation equity.â€
Synthesis of Information Related to Transit Problems
Report Number: RRD-94
Publication Date: 2/1/2010
This report is a digest of the progress and status of TCRP Project J-7, Synthesis of Information Related to Transit Problems, for which the Transportation Research Board is the agency conducting the research.
Assessment of Hybrid-Electric Transit Bus Technology
Report Number: R-132
Publication Date: 12/19/2009
This report explores decision-making guidelines coupled with a comprehensive life cycle cost (LCC) model designed to assist transit managers in evaluating, selecting, and implementing hybrid-electric technology options for transit buses. The LCC model allows the user to compare the total life cycle costs across several cost categories for up to 6 different purchase scenarios. The LCC model is contained on the accompanying CD-ROM (CRP-CD-71), with the printed version of the report and available for download as an ISO image online.
Transit, Call Centers, and 511: A Guide for Decision Makers
Report Number: R-134
Publication Date: 8/20/2009
This report explores the operational characteristics of 511 telephone traveler information systems and examines how 511 systems interact with transit system call centers. This report inventories existing 511 systems throughout the country, documents the extent of transit participation and transit agency experiences with 511, and presents guidance to assist transit agencies and 511 system administrators in determining a transit-511 telephone strategy.
Public Transportation's Role in Addressing Global Climate Change
Report Number: RRD-89
Publication Date: 3/25/2009
This report provides an overview of an International Transit Studies Program mission that investigated public transportation's role in addressing global climate change in several cities in Ireland, Germany, Italy, and Spain.
Passenger Counting Systems
Report Number: S-77
Publication Date: 1/28/2009
This report documents the state of the practice in terms of analytical tools and technologies for measuring transit ridership and other subsidiary data. Survey results include transit agency assessments of the effectiveness and reliability of their methodologies and of desired improvements. The survey was designed to emphasize automatic passenger counter (APC) systems, but agencies using manual systems were also surveyed to gain an understanding of why new technologies have not been adopted.
Transit Systems in College and University Communities
Report Number: S-78
Publication Date: 12/24/2008
This report updates an earlier synthesis offering information on the planning, implementation, and operation of campus transit systems by moving to a focus on the communities in which schools are located. It includes local and regional transportation systems that serve college and university campuses. Further, it presents information about practices and trends in the areas of transit operations, and campus policies and planning, with a special focus area in technology and environmental innovations
Leveraging ITS Data for Transit Market Research: A Practitioner's Guidebook
Report Number: R-126
Publication Date: 7/8/2008
This publication describes currently used intelligent transportation systems (ITS) and Transit ITS technologies that have the greatest promise for transit market research. This guidebook documents ITS and Transit ITS technologies currently in use, assesses their potential to provide market research data, and presents methods for collecting and analyzing these data. Also, the guidebook provides three in-depth case studies that illustrate how ITS data have been successfully used to improve market research practices.
AVL Systems for Bus Transit: Update
Report Number: S-73
Publication Date: 5/20/2008
This publication explores the uses of computer-aided dispatch/automatic vehicle location (CAD/AVL) systems in fixed-route and demand-responsive services (bus AVL), as well as changes in agency practices related to the use of AVL systems.
Privacy Issues with the Use of Smart Cards
Report Number: LRD-25
Publication Date: 5/12/2008
This publication examines basic privacy issues associated with the acquisition and storage of financial and trip data associated with the use of a transit smart card. The report explores who can access the data collected, what data may be accessed and under what conditions, and how the information can be used.
Synthesis of Information Related to Transit Problems
Report Number: RRD-86
Publication Date: 1/24/2008
This digest notes the progress and status of J-7, "Synthesis of Information Related to Transit Problems" for which the Transportation Research Board is the agency conducting the research.
Public Transportation Passenger Security Inspections: A Guide for Policy Decision Makers
Report Number: R-86 Volume 13
Publication Date: 10/15/2007
This report will assist public transportation agency senior staff, law enforcement, and security service providers in assessing the advantages and disadvantages of establishing a passenger security inspection program. The objective is to provide guidance that a public transportation agency may use when considering whether, where, when, and how to introduce a passenger security inspection program into its operations. This volume identifies the most promising types of screening technologies and methods currently in use or being tested, the operational considerations for the deployment of these technologies in land-based systems, the legal precedent that either applies or that should be contemplated in connection with passenger screening activities, and a passenger security inspection policy decision-making model.
Rail Passenger Safety: Equipment and Technologies
Report Number: RRD-85
Publication Date: 8/30/2007
This digest is an overview of the mission that investigated European rail safety programs. It is based on individual reports provided by the team members, and it reflects the observations of the team members, who are responsible for the facts and accuracy of the data presented.
Mobile Data Terminals
Report Number: S-70
Publication Date: 6/4/2007
This report contains information about the rapidly changing wireless communications infrastructure that supports mobile date terminal deployment in transit. It reflects state-of-the-practice information from selected transit agencies surveyed across the United States, as well as very specific information on the capability of mobile data computers offered by technology vendors to the industry.
Smartcard Interoperability Issues for the Transit Industry
Report Number: R-115
Publication Date: 1/30/2007
This report defines interoperability; identifies key information needed by public agencies to implement smartcard payment systems interoperability; describes the necessary information flows; and outlines a set of functions needed for a standard public domain application programming interface that may be used in the development of a uniform application protocol data unit (APDU).
Concept for an e-Transit Reference Enterprise Architecture
Report Number: R-84 Volume 5
Publication Date: 10/25/2004
TCRP Report 84: e-Transit: Electronic Business Strategies for Public Transportation documents principles, techniques, and strategies that are used in electronic business for public transportation. TCRP Report 84 will be published as multiple volumes. This volume explains the need for and uses of a reference enterprise architecture; the process for its development based on using systems engineering concepts and practices; the basic concepts behind systems engineering and enterprise architecture; and the transit-specific task associated with creating an e-transit reference enterprise architecture. This report may be used by chief information officers, general mangers, and senior managers.
Hybrid Electric Transit Buses: Status, Issues, and Benefits
Report Number: R-59
Publication Date: 6/12/2004
This report presents an up-to-date description of emerging hybrid-electric drive technology for transit buses in the United States. The technology and its status, benefits, life-cycle costs, and deployment issues are discussed. This report is intended to provide transit agencies with information to compare the emissions and fuel economy expected from hybrid-electric transit buses with those expected from clean diesel or alternatively fueled buses.
Determining Training for New Technologies: A Decision Game and Facilitation Guide
Report Number: R-96
Publication Date: 11/6/2003
The goal of this project was to help managers identify the necessary training for new technologies. This report will be of interest to managers responsible for implementing new technologies. It will also be useful to other members of new technology procurement teams, representing operations, maintenance, human resources, legal, finance, and training departments. Cognitive task analysis was used to design a simulation game that would allow managers to rapidly acquire the decision skills needed for identifying the necessary training for new technologies.
Public Transportation Security: Intrusion Detection for Public Transportation Facilities Handbook
Report Number: R-86 Volume 4
Publication Date: 10/15/2003
This report is designed to address transit agencies' needs for evaluating and upgrading the intrusion detection systems applicable to the spectrum of their facilities (including tunnels, bridges, buildings, power stations, transfer stations, rail yards, bus yards, and parking lots) and their transit vehicles (such as buses, trains, support vehicles, and special purpose vehicles). The Handbook provides guidance on assessing system needs; developing system designs; and estimating system costs, benefits, and risks.
Fare Policies, Structures and Technologies: Update
Report Number: R-94
Publication Date: 10/13/2003
This report update, identifies, describes, and evaluates key fare structures, policies, and technologies that are being considered by transit agencies, with a focus on their impact on customers, operations management, and effective and equitable fare integration. This report includes date on fare structures, policy-making procedures, and ongoing efforts to implement fare technology.
E-Transit: Electronic Business Strategies for Public Transportation - Advanced Features of Transit Websites
Report Number: R-84 Volume 4
Publication Date: 5/28/2003
This report explores the potential of the following advanced website features for the transit industry: automated intinerary planning systems, real-time transit information, e-mail notification, and the application of custoemr relationship management concepts to these services. It provides an overview of the implementation, technology, value creation, lessons learned, and best practices associated with web-based advanced features.
Using the Internet for Transit Training and Certification
Report Number: R-84 Volume 3
Publication Date: 3/5/2003
This report is the third volume in the TCRP Report 84 series, it is the result of an investigation into the potential of web-based training (WBT) as a means of providing effective, high-quality training to the transit industry. A key source of information in the study was a panel of subject matter experts (SMEs), each of whom has expertise and experience in some combination of transportation training, WBT, and intelligent transportation systems. The study findings are included.
E-Transit: Electronic Business Strategies for Public Transportation Volume 2 -- Application Service Provider Implementation
Report Number: R-84 Volume 2
Publication Date: 12/19/2002
This report will be published as multiple volumes; Volume 2: Application Service Provide Implementation Guidelines presents the results of an investigation into the use of application service providers (ASPs) and thin client computing technologies by transit agencies. The characteristics and market position of ASPs were investigated, and the strengths and market position of ASPs were investigated, and the strengths and weaknesses of this computing serivce model were identified. The ASPs business model provides a viable alternative for transit agencies seeking to add new or replace existing computing services.
Communication of Threats: A Guide
Report Number: R-86 Volume 01
Publication Date: 9/5/2002
This is the first volume of TCRP Report 86: Public Transportation Security, a series in which relevant information is assembled into single, concise volumes, each pertaining to a specific security problem and closely related issues. This volume offers information on a variety of approaches to improving the sharing of the threat information. Current practices, operational needs, technologies for threat information dissemination, and system functional requirements are discussed. Effective strategies for sharing analyzed and unanalyzed reports of suspicious activities and a path to an interoperable set of national, regional, and local threat-information forums are proposed.
Training for On-Board Bus Electronics
Report Number: S-44
Publication Date: 9/5/2002
This synthesis of current practice documents the procedures and resources used by transit agencies to provide employee training on advanced on-board electrical and electronic equipment and systems. The study is intended for senior managers charged with procuring, implementing, operating, and maintaining on-board E/E equipment, with the primary focus given to maintenance training.
Communicating with Persons with Disabilities in a Multimodal Transit Environment
Report Number: S-37
Publication Date: 12/1/2000
This synthesis focuses on the communication techniques for persons with sensory and cognitive disabilities, and describes current North American transit practices in information and communication technologies, as well as operations, implementation, and human factor issues. Attention is given to information and communication technologies related to planning, customer service, marketing, and training that can improve the travel experience for all persons traveling in a transit environment.
Electronic Surveillance Technology on Transit Vehicles
Report Number: S-38
Publication Date: 12/1/2000
This report describes the state of the practice concerning the use of on-board vehicle surveillance technologies designed to address both safety and security issues at public transportation agencies. Issues and shortcomings with surveillance are addresed, including financial, legal, maintenance, and procedural concerns.
Analyzing the Costs of Operating Small Transit Vehicles
Report Number: R-61
Publication Date: 8/28/2000
This User's Guide explains the accompanying Small Transit Vehicle economics (STVe) model -- a tool designed for transit planners and others making decisions about the purchase of small transit vehicles for different services and operating environments. The User's Guide describes how to run the model and interpret its results.
The Role of Transit Amenities and Vehicle Characteristics in Building Transit Ridership
Report Number: R-046
Publication Date: 12/28/1999
This report consists of a Handbook and a Workbook. The Handbook identifies and describes passenger amenities and transit vehicle characteristics that attract ridership and explores how amenities may affect ridership. The Workbook includes information gathered from passenger surveys, focus groups, discussion sessions, and transit agency staff on the effect of recently implemented transit amenities on passengers. As a companion to the Workbook, a disk, The Transit Design Game, enables transit agencies to survey their customers about their priorities for enhancements and estimate the potential effect of enhancements on ridership.
Synthesis of Information Related to Transit Problems
Report Number: RRD-37
Publication Date: 12/1/1999
This digest is a staff digest of the progress and status of the Synthesis of Information Related to Transit Problems for which the Transportation Research Board conducts its research.
Understanding and Applying Advanced on-Board Bus Electronics
Report Number: R-43
Publication Date: 1/7/1999
This report will be of interest to transit managers, operations and maintenance professionals, bus procurement specialists, bus manufacturers and suppliers, and others interested in the application of advanced electronics to transit buses. The report provides an overview of electronics and its application to buses and other transportation sectors. The report then addresses electronic integration, potential benefits offered by integration, and transit agency experiences with the technology. The report concludes with guidelines for implementing transit bus electronics. It is intended to be a primer on the subject, providing essential background information to serve as a starting point for acquiring additional knowledge.
New Designs and Operating Experiences with Low-Flow Buses
Report Number: R-41
Publication Date: 12/31/1998
This report will be of interest to transit managers, policymakers, operations and maintenance professionals, bus procurement specialists, bus manufacturers and suppliers, and others interested in operating experience to date with low-floor transit buses. The report provides information on the current market for low-floor buses and provides a summary of operating experiences on the basis of discussions with transit agencies and low-floor bus manufacturers. The report includes information on customer satisfaction and acceptance, bus capacity and ridership impacts, bus operating experiences, impacts on maintenance and facilities, safety experiences, and operator and mechanic acceptance and satisfaction. Also included is a discussion of the current market and market trends for low-floor buses, an update of the status of low-floor bus technology and technological developments, and a summary of key specifications for low-floor buses available to the North American transit market. This report will be particularly useful for transit agencies considering the deployment of low-floor transit buses.
Technology Assessment of Refueling.Connection Devices for CNG,LNG,and Propane
Report Number: RRD-25
Publication Date: 12/1/1998
This digest provides an assessment of current and emerging refueling- connection-device (nozzle) technologies (both domestic and international) for fueling alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs). The nozzle technologies discussed in this digest are those used for refueling with compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG), and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG, commonly referred to as propane). The discussion covers all types of nozzles for the listed fuels. However, the analytical work focuses on nozzles used in heavy-duty applications, specifically, transit buses. This project, TCRP Project C-7, was conducted by Science Applications International Corporation.
Guidebook for Evaluating, Selecting, and Implementing Fuel Choices for Transit Bus Operations
Report Number: R-38
Publication Date: 10/15/1998
This guidebook and its accompanying cost-model spreadsheet (Fuel Cost 1. 0) will be of interest to transit managers, policymakers, operations and maintenance professionals, and others considering the deployment of, or conversion to, alternative fuel buses. They are intended for individuals who, while being quite knowledgeable about the transit industry, may not be familiar with alternative fuels and implementation issues.
Bus Operator Workstation Evaluation and Design Guidelines
Report Number: R-25
Publication Date: 8/30/1997
This report will be of interest to transit managers, bus specification engineers, bus manufacturers, and bus operator workstation component manufacturers concerned with improving the ergonomic design of the bus operator workstation to improve bus operator comfort, and reduce bus operator injuries and related absenteeism and workers' compensation claims. The report provides scientifically validated design guidelines that ergonomically accommodate operators from the 5th percentile female to the 95th percentile male population. The design guidelines address all aspects of the bus operator workstation including the seat, steering assembly, pedals, instrument panels, farebox, and other equipment. While attempting to minimize the amount of required component adjustability to contain cost, adjustment is included in several key components including instrument panels, seat, and steering assembly. It is estimated that the workstation improvements identified in the design guidelines would increase the price of a standard transit bus by approximately $6,000, with a payback period of between 3.5 and 8 years based on direct cost savings associated with estimated reductions in bus operator injuries. Indirect cost savings such as the need for fewer replacement operators would further reduce this payback period.
AVL Systems for Bus Transit
Report Number: S-24
Publication Date: 6/1/1997
This synthesis will be of interest to transit agency general managers, bus operations, planning, scheduling, safety, and procurement staff, as well as agency communications and engineering staff. It addresses various aspects of developing and deploying automated vehicle location ( AVL) systems over the last 20 years. Current practice, AVL architecture and technologies, and the institutional context of AVL defined in terms of funding, justification, staffing and procurement are discussed. This report of the Transportation Research Board describes the different approaches to AVL deployment used at selected transit agencies. It attempts to define the role of AVL for bus transit by examining objectives of implementation and both technological and operational frameworks.
Procurement Specification Guidelines for Mass Transit Vehicle Window Glazing
Report Number: R-15
Publication Date: 9/15/1996
This final report documents findings of a study concerning the enhancement of durability and vandal resistance of transit vehicle passenger-side windows. This report includes background information on the durability of transparent window materials. Also included are results and analyses of surveys of selected domestic and foreign transit authorities, surveys of window manufacturers serving the transit industry, surveys of window manufacturers serving other industries, surveys of research organizations serving the transit industry, and surveys of transit vehicle manufacturers. The focus of these surveys was to define window issues for the transit industry, with special focus on current practices, durability and vandalism issues, and existent or emerging technologies including material solutions or preventative measures, which result in longer lasting more durable transit glazing systems.
Impact of Radio Frequency Refarming on Transit Communications
Report Number: R-11
Publication Date: 3/15/1996
This report will be of interest to general managers, operations managers, and communications specialists responsible for communications systems within transit and paratransit organizations. The report provides information concerning the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rules governing the refarming of the land mobile radio spectrum and their impacts on current and future transit communication system requirements. The report contains a non-technical executive summary that describes the rules issued in June 1995 by the FCC regarding the refarming of radio frequencies, provides an overview of the impacts of radio frequency refarming, and offers potential courses of action for transit and paratransit systems. In addition, the report provides more detailed technical information for communications specialists, and includes several examples of potential cost impacts to transit and paratransit systems.
Electronic On-Vehicle Passenger Information Displays (Visual and Audible)
Report Number: RRD-5
Publication Date: 12/1/1995
This TCRP Digest provides the interim results of TCRP Project A-4, Electronic On-Vehicle Passenger Information Displays (Visual and Audible). The project explores ways in which transit agencies and transit users can benefit from on-board audio and visual display technologies. The major focus of this project is on the information needs of passengers while on board transit vehicles. This Digest summarizes passenger information needs, agency concerns, and the current and emerging display technologies. It is organized as follows: Introduction; Needs Assessment; Synthesis of Technologies; Conclusions; and Future Research.
Synthesis of Information Related to Transit Problems
Report Number: RRD-8
Publication Date: 12/1/1995
This staff digest summarizes the progress and status of TCRP Project J- 7, Synthesis of Information Related to Transit Problems, for which the Transportation Research Board is the agency conducting the research. Included in this digest are tables listing (1) Synthesis Studies in progress as of December 1995, (2) Members of TCRP Project Committee J-7, (3) Published TCRP Syntheses, and (4) Index to Syntheses and Studies.
Low-Floor Transit Buses
Report Number: S-2
Publication Date: 12/1/1994
This synthesis will be of interest to transit agency managers; operations, maintenance, and planning managers; and other personnel concerned with operational experiences of low-floor transit buses in fixed route service and with the viability of this technology in meeting the transit industry's accessibility goals for the future. Information on low-floor transit buses operating in the United States and Canada, including technical specifications as well as status reports on buses manufactured in North America; buses under development; and buses under development; and buses in Europe, obtained from the contacts with international organizations is included. It contains descriptions of standard low-floor buses, as well as another smaller bus used primarily in paratransit service.
Retrofit of Buses to Meet Clean Air Regulations
Report Number: S-8
Publication Date: 12/1/1994
This report of the Transportation Research Board addresses risk management practices, their systematic application, and the measurement of program results. It emphasizes liability and worker's compensation risks and insurance, but the discussion applies to property risks and insurance, as well. It contains information on differing transit agencies' risk management experiences. To develop this synthesis in a comprehensive manner and to ensure inclusion of significant knowledge, available information was assembled from numerous sources, including a number of public transportation agencies.
Safe Operating Procedures for Alternative Fuel Bus
Report Number: S-1
Publication Date: 12/1/1993
This synthesis will be of interest to transit agency managers, maintenance managers, and other personnel concerned with the operation of bus fleets using alternative fuels to meet national and local requirements related to air quality and energy diversification. Information on the use of methanol, ethanol, compressed natural gas (CNG), liquified petroleum gas (LPG), liquified natural gas (LNG), and other alternatives is included. Many aspects of handling and use of alternative fuels differ from conventional diesel and gasoline fuel used by transit agencies and are not yet covered by regulations, standards, or generally accepted practice. While many agencies have only limited experience with prototype alternative fuel buses, others have demonstrated effective techniques and practices for safe operation of both the buses and the refueling and maintenance facilities. This report of the Transportation Research Board describes the characteristics of various alternative fuels in use by transit agencies and discusses several aspects of these fuels and handling practices. These include training -procedures, fuel storage and handling, maintenance operations considerations, facility requirements, issues related to the buses, facility and operating costs, and environmental considerations.
Designing Transit Services for the Mode-Choice Market Stage III Planning
Report Number: IDEA-26
This project developed a "mobility index" that is a function of trip time by which to measure and map mobility in a metropolitan region for both auto and transit modes, as well as to identify opportunities and evaluate transit improvements for their impact on regional mobility. This includes a complementary market positioning exercise for mode-choice-focused transit services, employing focus groups and an ethnographic analytical methodology for identifying the explicit "bellwether" segment of the mode-choice market. The research uses the San Diego metropolitan area for a test bed, in collaboration with the major transit agency, the Metropolitan Transit Development Board(MTDB), and local and regional agencies, including the San Diego Association of Governments (SANDAG). Please note: This project is still in progress.
Evaluation of Economic Feasibility and Innovative Payment Plans of the Independent Transportation Network (ITN)
Report Number: IDEA-18
This was a follow-up project for pilot testing and product transfer of the successful IDEA concept, Transit-9. The project tested innovative payment plans of the Independent Transportation Network (ITN) as an alternative transportation means for the elderly using nontraditional payment plans. A survey, designed to address differing populations with a differing role in the transportation service, was completed for five focus groups. The focus groups included seniors currently using the ITN, seniors not using the ITN, adult children whose parents use the ITN, businesses that serve the senior population, and volunteer drivers. Based on survey results, pilot test and operational evaluations for levels of service and innovative payment plans for the transportation of seniors were developed and discussed with a panel of regional experts. In the next stage, the application of ITS technology to ITN was explored. This used smart cards for electronic fare and data collection and record keeping, global positioning satellites (GPS) and geographic information system (GIS) mapping. Pilot testing of the ITN operation was carried out under an FTA grant for ITN deployment. Based on test results, the economic and social benefits of the ITN system will be esvaluated, and guidelines for possible application in other representative communities, including rural areas, will be considered.
Optimizing Travel Path for People with Disabilities
Report Number: IDEA-23
This project developed a method for people with various types of disabilities to review barriers to travel before embarking on a transit trip so they can plan their routes to more easily reach destinations surrounding transit stations. The research analyzed typical travel barriers for the disabled around transit access points. A database of physical landscapes and barriers was developed and a prototype transit accessibility mapping system was implemented. An interactive 3D model in a CD format for presenting the accessibility information was demonstrated. The model is based on Metrolink light rail transit stops in the St. Louis, Missouri, region.