|The Relationship Between Transit Asset Condition and Service Quality
Report Number: R-198
Publication Date: 4/4/2018
This report is a pre-publication, non-edited version. It documents the development of a quantitative method for characterizing service quality and demonstrates how this quantitative measure varies with changes in asset condition. It provides guidance on how asset condition and transit service quality relate in terms of investment prioritization.
Three Excel spreadsheets–a simplified Effective Journey Time (EJT) Calculator, a comprehensive EJT Calculator, and a worked example demonstrating the use of the comprehensive EJT Calculator—provide quantitative methods. Transit agencies may use this report and tools to better manage existing transit capital assets and make more efficient and effective investment decisions.
Disclaimer - This software is offered as is, without warranty or promise of support of any kind either expressed or implied. Under no circumstance will the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine or the Transportation Research Board (collectively "TRB") be liable for any loss or damage caused by the installation or operation of this product. TRB makes no representation or warranty of any kind, expressed or implied, in fact or in law, including without limitation, the warranty of merchantability or the warranty of fitness for a particular purpose, and shall not in any case be liable for any consequential or special damages.
Use of Automotive Service Excellence Tests Within Transit
Report Number: S-120
Publication Date: 4/14/2016
This report documents how the Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) program is accepted and used within the transit bus maintenance community. The ASE program is nationally recognized as the standard industry credential provider for automotive professionals. The report explores how a cross section of transit bus maintenance personnel view the ASE certification program and summarizes their perspectives to improve ASE certification acceptance and participation.
Maintenance Technician Staffing Levels for Modern Public Transit Fleets
Report Number: R-184
Publication Date: 2/7/2016
This report identifies existing tools and practices used to determine optimum maintenance technician staffing levels. It also provides an analysis of variables that influence maintenance technician staffing needs. In addition, the report documents an MS Excel-based Maintenance Staffing Calculator with the report. For more information on the tools and resources available with this report, click the link http://www.trb.org/main/blurbs/173927.aspx
Sub-Allocating FTA Section 5307 Funding Among Multiple Recipients in Metropolitan Areas
Report Number: S-113
Publication Date: 7/15/2014
This report documents the approaches, methodologies, and practices for the sub-allocation of U.S. Federal Transit Administration Section 5307 Formula Funds in urbanized areas of multiple types and sizes.
Section 5307 formula funds are the primary source of financial support for public transportation capital projects including vehicle, facility, and equipment purchases; preventive maintenance; and other eligible expenses. The report also summarizes practices for fund distribution to help regions interested in developing a distribution practice or altering their current methodology.
Optimizing Bus Warranty
Report Number: S-111
Publication Date: 4/10/2014
This synthesis explores how some transit agencies address key aspects of their warranty programs. The report examines the steps taken to more accurately monitor warranty coverage periods, optimize the warranty process, and maximize warranty reimbursement to fulfill U.S. Federal Transit Administration requirements and taxpayer expectations. Click on the link to order a hard copy. https://www.mytrb.org/Store/Product.aspx?ID=7145
Energy Savings Strategies for Transit Agencies
Report Number: S-106
Publication Date: 7/31/2013
This synthesis describes energy reduction strategies being used in the United State and Canada that address vehicle technologies; vehicle operations, maintenance, and service design; non-revenue vehicles; stations and stops; building; indirect energy use; and renewable power generation.
Transforming Public Transportation Institutional and Business Models
Report Number: R-159
Publication Date: 12/14/2012
This report offers strategy for defining and implementing transformative change in institutional and business models, thus facilitating the operation and maintenance of public transportation systems. The report identifies the components of transformative change and examines potential consequences of change.
Funding for Infrastructure Maintenance: Achieving and Sustaining a State of Good Repair
Report Number: RRD-101
Publication Date: 6/27/2011
This digest examines how bus and rail agencies and operators in several European cities develop community support for public transportation and how those communities implement sustainable funding strategies for transit assets, operations, and maintenance. The digest is based on the results of a scanning mission performed from June 11 through 25, 2010, under TCRP's International Transit Studies Program.
Preventive Maintenance Intervals for Transit Buses
Report Number: S-81
Publication Date: 4/1/2010
This report explores preventive maintenance measures taken by a sampling of transit agencies to ensure buses are on time, protect taxpayer investments, and promote passenger satisfaction and public safety.
Synthesis of Information Related to Transit Problems
Report Number: RRD-94
Publication Date: 2/1/2010
This report is a digest of the progress and status of TCRP Project J-7, Synthesis of Information Related to Transit Problems, for which the Transportation Research Board is the agency conducting the research.
A Guidebook for the Evaluation of Project Delivery Methods
Report Number: R-131
Publication Date: 5/12/2009
This report examines various project delivery methods for major transit capital projects. The report also explores the impacts, advantages, and disadvantages of including operations and maintenance as a component of a contract for a project delivery method.
Public Transportation's Role in Addressing Global Climate Change
Report Number: RRD-89
Publication Date: 3/25/2009
This report provides an overview of an International Transit Studies Program mission that investigated public transportation's role in addressing global climate change in several cities in Ireland, Germany, Italy, and Spain.
Resources for Legal Issues Associated with Bus Maintenance
Report Number: LRD-26
Publication Date: 7/28/2008
There is no readily accessible single source that identifies statutory provisions, regulatory provisions, and licensing/certification requirements applicable or relevant to a range of bus maintenance personnel and activities. The purpose of this report is to provide such a reference document, including information about guidance for compliance, to facilitate bus maintenance managersâ€™ ability to determine the requirements to follow in their specific jurisdictions. Identifying the types of agencies in other jurisdictions that have requirements for varying issues should make it easier for managers to determine which agencies they should consult in their own jurisdictions. The goal of this digest is to serve as a resource that informs interested persons of all current federal and state statutes, regulations, and guidance related to bus maintenance. It should be useful to attorneys, administrators, managers, mechanics, operators, and supervisors.
Uses of Higher Capacity Buses in Transit Service
Report Number: S-75
Publication Date: 7/10/2008
This publication explores the use of higher capacity (HC) public transit buses in trunk, express, long-distance commuter, Bus Rapid Transit, and special (e.g., sports and special events) services in North America. For purposes of this study, HC buses included articulated, double-deck, 45-ft, and other buses that have a significant increase in passenger capacity compared with conventional 40-ft buses.
Synthesis of Information Related to Transit Problems
Report Number: RRD-86
Publication Date: 1/24/2008
This digest notes the progress and status of J-7, "Synthesis of Information Related to Transit Problems" for which the Transportation Research Board is the agency conducting the research.
A Guidebook for Developing and Sharing Transit Bus Maintenance Practices
Report Number: R-109
Publication Date: 1/10/2006
This report provides guidance on how to develop effective transit bus maintenance practices tailored to one's local operating environment. In addition, it provides seven sample practices developed using the guidance. This report should be of interest to transit bus maintenance managers and others interested in the development of written transit bus maintenance procedures and the sharing of these practices with others in the transit industry.
Maintenance Productivity Practices
Report Number: S-54
Publication Date: 10/4/2004
This synthesis reports on current knowledge and practice, in a compact format without the detailed directions usually found in handbooks or design manuals. This report documments and summarize transit agency experiences, using various maintenance productivity improvement and programming. It summarizes the experienes of agencies that vary in size, union affiliation, and operating condition, as well as provides decriptions of successful programs and creative modifications to existing programs.
Determining Training for New Technologies: A Decision Game and Facilitation Guide
Report Number: R-96
Publication Date: 11/6/2003
The goal of this project was to help managers identify the necessary training for new technologies. This report will be of interest to managers responsible for implementing new technologies. It will also be useful to other members of new technology procurement teams, representing operations, maintenance, human resources, legal, finance, and training departments. Cognitive task analysis was used to design a simulation game that would allow managers to rapidly acquire the decision skills needed for identifying the necessary training for new technologies.
Training for On-Board Bus Electronics
Report Number: S-44
Publication Date: 9/5/2002
This synthesis of current practice documents the procedures and resources used by transit agencies to provide employee training on advanced on-board electrical and electronic equipment and systems. The study is intended for senior managers charged with procuring, implementing, operating, and maintaining on-board E/E equipment, with the primary focus given to maintenance training.
Evaluation of Bus Bulbs
Report Number: R-65
Publication Date: 3/23/2001
This report produces guidelines to assist transit agencies, local government, and other public bodies in locating and designing bus stops that consider bus patronsâ€™ convenience, safety and access to sites as well as safe transit operations and traffic flow. The second phase of this report evaluates bus bulbs, an innovation in the design of bus stops found in several major North American cites. This research project was a continuation of TCRP Project A-10, "Location and Design of Bus Stops on Major Streets and Highways," which culminated with TCRP Report 19, "Guidelines for the Location and Design of Bus Stops."
Analyzing the Costs of Operating Small Transit Vehicles
Report Number: R-61
Publication Date: 8/28/2000
This User's Guide explains the accompanying Small Transit Vehicle economics (STVe) model -- a tool designed for transit planners and others making decisions about the purchase of small transit vehicles for different services and operating environments. The User's Guide describes how to run the model and interpret its results.
A Desk Guide for Inventory Managers in the Transit Industry
Report Number: RRD-28
Publication Date: 12/1/1998
This digest was developed to provide a readily usable reference guide to assist transit managers and staff to better understand, evaluate, and manage inventory. It summaries inventory control techniques appropriate to the transit industry, decision-making techniques, and benchmark references. The final report, which describes the analyses and case studies performed during the course of the project, is available as TCRP Web Document 4 on the Internet at www2.nas.edu/trbcrp.
Closing the Knowledge Gap for Transit Maintenance Employees: A Systems Approach
Report Number: R-29
Publication Date: 2/15/1998
This report presents guidelines on evaluating and implementing strategies to improve the skills of the transit industry's maintenance workforce in order to keep pace with evolving technology. This report will be of interest to transit decision-makers, maintenance managers, organized labor, vendors, human resources departments, and training personnel. The report is intended to help maintenance departments develop highly skilled, high-performance work organizations. Research was undertaken by Rand Corporation to assess technological demands, document current practices, and examine and propose new approaches to link maintenance-staffing practices with evolving technology to improve effectiveness. The areas addressed in the research included the range of programs currently in place, differences and similarities in current practice, analysis of major pitfalls and keys to success, an examination of vendor roles and responsibilities in training, and the effect of labor relations and work rules.
Monitoring Bus Maintenance Performance
Report Number: S-22
Publication Date: 12/1/1997
This synthesis will be of interest to transit agency general managers, as well as to bus operations and maintenance personnel. It will also be of interest to equipment suppliers, consultants, and others concerned with bus maintenance operations. This synthesis describes current practices related to maintenance performance. The objective is to identify how maintenance performance measures drive day-to-day and strategic decisions. This report addresses traditional maintenance performance measures such as Section 15 indicators, as well as others used for decision making and those that affect customer service.
Transit Bus Service Line and Cleaning Functions
Report Number: S-12
Publication Date: 12/1/1995
This synthesis will be of interest to transit agency maintenance managers and other maintenance and operations personnel, including general managers, who are concerned with the need to maintain clean, efficient bus operating equipment. It will also be of interest to equipment suppliers, consultants, and others concerned with bus maintenance operations. This synthesis provides a variety of approaches to transit bus service line and cleaning functions so transit agencies can evaluate the effectiveness of their own operations. This report of the Transportation Research Board updates material contained in the previous TRB synthesis series, National Cooperative Transit Research and Development Program (NCTRP) Synthesis 1: Cleaning Transit Buses: Equipment and Procedures
Waste Control Practices at Bus Maintenance Facilities
Report Number: S-9
Publication Date: 12/1/1995
This synthesis will be of interest to transit agency general managers, as well as to personnel in operations, maintenance, and environmental departments. It will also be of interest to environmental agency officials, equipment suppliers, consultants, and others concerned with bus maintenance and fueling operations, planning, and design. This synthesis explores waste management practices employed in bus maintenance and fueling operations and it identifies some successful practices that are being employed to reduce or eliminate waste. This report of the Transportation Research Board strives to familiarize transit agency staff with federal and state environmental regulations involving wastes generated by bus maintenance activities. Complying with these regulations and local guidelines that may also apply can be confusing and costly, but failing to comply may lead to administrative, civil, or criminal penalties, including fines and imprisonment. An equally powerful force pushing agency managers to move in the direction of waste minimization is the opportunity to generate significant cost savings.
Low-Floor Transit Buses
Report Number: S-2
Publication Date: 12/1/1994
This synthesis will be of interest to transit agency managers; operations, maintenance, and planning managers; and other personnel concerned with operational experiences of low-floor transit buses in fixed route service and with the viability of this technology in meeting the transit industry's accessibility goals for the future. Information on low-floor transit buses operating in the United States and Canada, including technical specifications as well as status reports on buses manufactured in North America; buses under development; and buses under development; and buses in Europe, obtained from the contacts with international organizations is included. It contains descriptions of standard low-floor buses, as well as another smaller bus used primarily in paratransit service.
Regulatory Impacts of Design and Retrofit of Bus Maintenance Facilities
Report Number: S-7
Publication Date: 12/1/1994
This synthesis will be of interest to transit agency general managers; planning, operations, and other maintenance personnel; design, engineering, architectural, and consultant staffs; as well as environmental agency officials and others concerned with bus facility planning and design. As built or design drawings from recently completed facilities were used to compare overall sizes of functional areas with earlier guidelines. The legal and technological environments have changed since the last systematic examination of bus maintenance facilities. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) regulations may require existing facilities to make extensive modifications.
Retrofit of Buses to Meet Clean Air Regulations
Report Number: S-8
Publication Date: 12/1/1994
This report of the Transportation Research Board addresses risk management practices, their systematic application, and the measurement of program results. It emphasizes liability and worker's compensation risks and insurance, but the discussion applies to property risks and insurance, as well. It contains information on differing transit agencies' risk management experiences. To develop this synthesis in a comprehensive manner and to ensure inclusion of significant knowledge, available information was assembled from numerous sources, including a number of public transportation agencies.
Safe Operating Procedures for Alternative Fuel Bus
Report Number: S-1
Publication Date: 12/1/1993
This synthesis will be of interest to transit agency managers, maintenance managers, and other personnel concerned with the operation of bus fleets using alternative fuels to meet national and local requirements related to air quality and energy diversification. Information on the use of methanol, ethanol, compressed natural gas (CNG), liquified petroleum gas (LPG), liquified natural gas (LNG), and other alternatives is included. Many aspects of handling and use of alternative fuels differ from conventional diesel and gasoline fuel used by transit agencies and are not yet covered by regulations, standards, or generally accepted practice. While many agencies have only limited experience with prototype alternative fuel buses, others have demonstrated effective techniques and practices for safe operation of both the buses and the refueling and maintenance facilities. This report of the Transportation Research Board describes the characteristics of various alternative fuels in use by transit agencies and discusses several aspects of these fuels and handling practices. These include training -procedures, fuel storage and handling, maintenance operations considerations, facility requirements, issues related to the buses, facility and operating costs, and environmental considerations.