Joint Development Agreements Using FTA Funds or FTA-Funded Assets
Report Number: LRD-56
Publication Date: 08/25/2021

In the United States, transit oriented development (TOD) is now recognized as a critical element in the planning, development, and execution of transit projects. Recent legislation has been designed to streamline the approval processes for new transportation projects, focus more on safety, and establish new programs to advance critical freight projects.

This report aims to clarify the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) assisted joint development process and attempts to separate public perceptions (and misperceptions) about TOD from reality. It is an update to TCRP Legal Research Digest 12:The Zoning and Real Estate Implications of Transit-Oriented Development.

Appendix C incudes sample model agreement forms, developed from Washington Area Transit Authority’s Office of Real Estate and Station Planning Templates.

Recent Decline in Public Transportation Ridership: Analysis, Causes, and Responses
Report Number: R-231
Publication Date: 08/27/2021

Rethinking mission and service delivery, rethinking fare policy, giving transit priority, careful partnering with shared-use mobility providers, and encouraging transit-oriented density are among the strategies transit agencies can employ to increase ridership and mitigate or stem declines in ridership that started years before the COVID-19 pandemic.

This report provides a deep-dive exploration of the ridership losses already being experienced by transit systems prior to the COVID-19 pandemic and explores strategies that appear to be key as we move to the new normal of a post-pandemic world.

Use of Agency Service Agreements in ADA Paratransit Delivery
Report Number: RRD-115
Publication Date: 08/25/2021

All transit agencies must provide complementary paratransit service to eligible people, as required under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). This includes origin-to-destination service for their ADA complementary paratransit riders.

This report identifies and documents current practices for transit agencies of all sizes and from across the country that have negotiated and structured local agency service agreements with social service agencies to meet mutual needs.

Fix It, Sign It or Close It: State of Good Repair in an Era of Budget Constraints
Report Number: LRD-57
Publication Date: 08/09/2021

The condition of the transportation infrastructure in the United States is an issue of national importance. State departments of transportation and transit agencies face tough choices as they make decisions about how and when to keep their assets safely open to the public.

This report addresses the legal ramifications to transportation agencies that have to decide whether to repair, improve, or rebuild assets that are in poor repair.

Assessing and Mitigating Electrical Fires on Transit Vehicles
Report Number: R-229
Publication Date: 07/30/2021

​Transit vehicle fires have safety implications for passengers and employees as well as liability implications for manufacturers, suppliers, and operators. Many of the electrical/arcing fire events experienced in the transit industry have led to a total loss of the vehicle and/or serious smoke incidents.

This pre-publication draft provides transit systems with information and techniques to avoid the interruption of revenue service, passenger injuries, and expenditures of operating and capital funds that occur as the result of fires on transit buses and rail vehicles.

Supplemental to the report is a Presentation describing details of the project.

Resource Guide for Improving Diversity and Inclusion Programs for the Public Transportation Industry
Report Number: R-228
Publication Date: 01/02/2021

Attempts at transit agencies to ensure diversity and inclusion are not easy and many have proven unsuccessful. But despite challenges, agencies appear undeterred, and continue to initiate and sustain programs and develop more innovative strategies.

This report builds on the snapshot of transit agency diversity initiatives provided nearly 20 years ago in TCRP Synthesis 46: Diversity Training Initiatives to understand how diversity programs at transit agencies have evolved, how inclusion has been incorporated, and what policies, plans, and practices have been successfully implemented within the industry.

Prioritization of Public Transportation Investments: A Guide for Decision-Makers
Report Number: R-227
Publication Date: 06/21/2021

The demand for public transportation investments far exceeds the funds available. While states and communities seek additional revenue sources to maintain current transit assets and serve rapidly changing travel markets, they need methods to help decide where to allocate their limited resources.

This report is provides practical advice for transportation agencies looking to improve their prioritization practice for public transportation projects.

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