Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content
American Public Transportation Association


  • The Economic Cost of Failing to Modernize Public Transportation - May 2018
    Our failure to adequately invest in public transportation infrastructure holds back America’s economy. Absent of increased investment, the country would see $340 billion less in cumulative business sales over the next six years.  This translates to a loss of $180 billion in cumulative gross national product (GNP) and a loss of $109 billion in household income. This equates to over 160,000 fewer jobs. The economy benefits when transit operators can devote resources toward expanding and modernizing service in response to emerging growth.  ​

  • Public Transportation's Role in the Knowledge Economy - March 2016
    This groundbreaking study shows that planned public transportation investments will yield a 2 to 1 return while helping to generate income for local businesses, its workers and their neighborhoods. In fact, this investment will yield more than $174 billion in business sales in the three cites examined. Our study authors examined the emerging tech sectors in Silicon Beach, CA; Austin, TX; and Durham, NC and looked at public transportation’s emerging role in enhancing access to employees and promoting critical entrepreneurial infrastructure.
  • Open for Business: The Business Case for Investment in Public Transportation - March 2016
    Mobility in the United States is undergoing an evolution, driving new partnerships and challenging the traditional boundary between public and private realms. In fact, much of the innovation in transportation is coming from private sector, venture capital-backed support of smarter cities through technology. Though viewed as a primarily public-sector function, public transportation is proving to be the backbone of the multimodal, on-demand economy that private sector innovation is driving today.
  • Economic Impact of Public Transportation Investment - May 2014
    Groundbreaking analysis measures public transportation’s impact on the nation’s economic productivity for the first time. Investment in transit can yield 50,731 jobs per $1 billion invested, and offers a 4 to 1 economic return. Investment offers productivity gains long after the short-term stimulative effect.
  • The Business Case for Investment in Public Transportation - March 2014
    This report shows why public transportation is an attractive market for both public and private investment. The public transportation industry is supported by growing demand, and bolstered by long-term demographic and consumer preference shifts.
  • The Role of Transit in Support of High Growth Business Clusters in the U.S. - December 2013
    This study addresses issues of business productivity, market access and transit service for America's Innovation Districts. The study draws on eight high-growth knowledge-oriented business clusters and their transportation conditions in six US cities to provide an estimate of the total national income and employment consequences of congestion and how investment in public transportation maintain competitiveness.
  • A New Partnership: Rail Transit and Convention Growth - November 2013
    This joint report produced with the U.S. Travel Association examines how cities with rail stations connected directly to airport terminals can realize increases in hotel performance. The report compares six cities with direct rail access from their airport terminal to five cities without. The analysis found that from 2006-2013, hotels in the cities with direct rail access brought in 10.9% more revenue per room than hotels in those cities without.
  • Millennials & Mobility: Understanding the Millennial Mindset - October 2013
    The Millennial Generation, those born between 1982 and 2003, is the largest and most diverse generation in American history. They are also living through times of economic dislocation and technological change. Recent research shows that rates of driving are down, and Millennials are leading the trend. This report seeks to further understand the mindsets behind these trends and understand their implications for public transportation in the United States, utilizing a mixture of in-depth interviews and a survey of 1,000 people in six cities that are representative of the types of cities Millennials find attractive.
  • Public Transportation Investment Background Data -- Eighth Edition, updated December 2013
    This report assembles in one place brief answers for those questions which APTA is most frequently asked for background data about investment in transit with references to sources with more detailed information. Investment questions focus on transit financing: where do transit funds come from, how does the funding process work, how dependable are the funding sources, what do transit funds buy, and what level of funding does the transit industry need to meet the Nation's transportation needs?
    Older editions and other investment resources can be found on the Investment Data page.
  • The Future of Public Transportation Employment: Bold Visions, Bringing Exciting Opportunities - May 2013
    A shift is underway, as Americans begin to seek more robust transportation choices. Public transportation is at the center of the shift, and as a result, public transportation will need to invest in an even more skilled workforce. New job opportunities and careers will provide those interested in transit-related careers a chance to change America.
  • The New Real Estate Mantra - March 2013
    This paper shows that average sales prices for residences near public transportation were more resilient during the Great Recession than their respective regions as a whole.
  • Public Transportation Protects Americans From Gas Price Volatility - May 2012
    This paper highlights the role that public transit plays in protecting Americans from price volatility, as well as strategies that can buffer Americans from future gas price shocks.
  • Economic Recovery: Promoting Growth - March 2012
    This white paper focuses on the many economic benefits derived from public transportation. Members are encouraged to use this document when reaching out to their legislators.
  • An Analysis of Proposed U.S. House of Representatives Actions and Their Impact on Public Transportation - September 2011
    This report analyzes the impact of a one-third cut in federal public transportation spending proposed by the U.S. House of Representatives.  The report estimates that 620,000 jobs would be lost over the course of a six-year authorization period as a result of the cuts.  The report also includes survey responses from APTA member transit agencies and businesses.
  • The Case for Business Investment in High-Speed and Intercity Passenger Rail - March 2011
    This report focuses on key issues critical to private investors as they consider investments or future expansion into business serving growing passenger rail markets.  It highlights national and international trends, the market potential in the U.S. future funding sources, and the need for public support
  • High-Speed Rail Investment Background Data - February 2011
    Definitions of categories of high-speed rail are presented with a history of federal laws supporting high-speed rail. Historical and projected growth trends of passenger trips, vehicles, and agencies for all types of passenger rail are calculated. High-speed rail policy, plan, and need statements from APTA and other organizations are described. Summaries of research detailing high-speed rail land use impact, energy use and emissions reduction, and economic benefits are presented.
  • Impacts of the Recession on Public Transportation Agencies -- March 2010
  • Job Impacts of Spending on Public Transportation: an Update -- April 2009
  • Impacts of the Financial Crisis On The Transit Industry -- Challenges And Opportunities - April 2009
  • Public Transportation Gets Our Economy Moving -- 2009
  • Economic Impact Of Public Transportation Investment - 2009
    Download the accompanying presentation here.
  • Optimal Supply and Demand for Urban Transit in the United States -- February 2008
  • The World Economy Is Moving. Can America Keep Up? - 2007
    America’s transportation infrastructure historically gave our nation a global competitive advantage that paved the way to prosperity. Interconnected systems of transit, airports, highway, railroads, and ports ensure the rapid movement of goods and people. As other nations step up their transportation investments and our economy increasingly depends on “just-in-time” delivery, the U.S. transportation infrastructure needs to keep pace.
  • Public Transportation and Petroleum Savings in the U.S: Reducing Dependence on Oil - 2007
    This Independent analysis looks for the first time at what public transportation saves — both for individual households and for the nation as a whole. APTA commissioned the report from ICF International.
  • Healthy Returns: The Economic Impact of Public Investment in Surface Transportation -- March 2005
  • How Transit Benefits People Who Do Not Ride It: A Conservative Inquiry - 2003
    The report by Paul M. Weyrich and William S. Lind describes the benefits of transit service for people who do not ordinarily ride it. Nonusers encounter less congestion, save money, and see the values of their homes go up because of transit service. Transit’s positive impact for conservation and the importance of transit for the occasional users are also investigated.
    Members: up to 10 free/$0.50 each for 11+, Nonmembers:  $1.00 Hard copies available at the APTA Bookstore
  • Public Transportation Means Business - 2001
    This brochure was developed to help convince legislators on the national, state and local levels that capital investments in public transportation projects are good for business and for the economy.
    Members: up to 10 free/$0.50 each for 11+, Nonmembers: $1.00 Hard copies available at the APTA Bookstore
  • Public Transportation and the Nation’s Economy - 1999
    Using state-of-the-art analytic techniques, this study affirms the significant positive economic impact of transit investments on jobs and business revenue. For example, for each $10 million invested in transit, 314 jobs are created the year after the investment is made, and businesses realize a gain in sales three times the investment in transit capital. All of the findings are backed by thorough economic research and modeling.
  • Commuter Rail Economic Study - 1997
    This study details the economic benefits provided by commuter rail systems to the local, state and national economy
  • Transportation Spending and Economic Growth: The Effects of Transit and Highway Expenditures - 1991
    An analytical report by Dr. David Alan Aschauer, Senior Economist, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, explains why one way to generate higher productivity growth is through increased funding for transportation, in general, and for public transit in particular.
Copyright © 2018 American Public Transportation Association
1300 I Street NW
Suite 1200 East
Washington, DC 20005
Telephone (202) 496-4800 | Fax (202) 496-4324
Logo Usage | Privacy Policy | Staff Intranet